group f paper

Chapter 14: What Happens When We All Have Dog’s Hearing?
The outburst of advanced technologies now means that all of a sudden, knowledge pools and resources have linked all over the planet, leveling the playing field in an amazing way. Now, we are equals and have the potential of being each other’s competition. The rules of the game have changed forever-but does this ‘death of distance’, which requires us all to run faster in order to stay in the same place, mean the world has become too small and too flat too fast for us to adjust?
What happens when we all have dog’s hearing? The author explores both the benefits and disadvantages of the recent developments in global communication. The growing attractiveness of blogging, pod casting, “You Tube and Myspace” and any other web community, enable everyday citizens to broadcast their views to a potential audience of billions, and the increase of internet access to even the poorest communities gives everyone who wants to the tools to address current issues. On the other hand, the technology that seems to improve communication on a global scale causes it to deteriorate on a local scale. Identifying ours as ‘The Age of Interruption”, Friedman discusses the aggravations and dangers of BlackBerrys in meeting rooms, hands-free kits in conversation and using a phone or iPod while driving. In an age when we are always ‘connected’ whether it is by email or mobile phone, how can we hope to concentrate on one thing without interruption?

Chapter 15: The Unflat World
This chapter talks about how the flattening of the world could go wrong. It approaches the following questions: What are the biggest constituencies, forces, or problems impeding this flattening process, and how might we collaborate better to over come them? Half the world today is directly or indirectly participating in the flattening process or feeling its effects.
Too Sick
Jerry Yang, the cofounder of Yahoo!, quotes a senior Chinese government official saying, “Where people have hope, you have a middle class”. A lot of Americans always describe themselves as “middle-class”, even though by income statistics some of them wouldn’t be considered as such. “Middle-class” is another way of describing people who believe that they have a pathway out of poverty or lower income status toward a higher standard of living and a better future for their kids. In many ways, the line between those who are in the flat world and those who are not is this line of hope.
There are hundreds of millions of people who are hopeful enough to be middle class, and then hundreds of millions of people who have no hope and therefore no chance of making it into the middle class. “They have no hope for two reasons: Either they are too sick, or their local governments are too broken for them to believe they have a pathway forward.” The first group, those who are too sick, are those whose lives are stalked everyday by HIV-AIDS, malaria, TB, and polio and who do not even enjoy steady electricity or potable water. Children in the developing world are ten times more likely to die of vaccine preventable diseases than are children in the developed flat world. In Southern Africa a full one-third of pregnant women are reportedly HIV-positive. Only one-fifth of the people at risk for HIV worldwide have access to prevention services (Friedman).
Bill Gates is one of many people who has made a personal commitment of money and energy to address the unflat world. “No one funds things for that other three billion. Someone estimated that the cost of saving a life in the U.S. is $5 or $6 million that is how much our society is willing to pay. You can save a life outside of the U.S. for less than $100. But how many people want to make that investment.” Bill Gates is basically stating that he worried that it will be only half of the world that is flat and it will stay that way. In addition, after researching how Bill Gates is involved with the flattening of the world, it’s clear that we have not given these people a chance to be in the flat world. Getting these countries such as, China, India, Africa into the Americas and European Unions, we need a humanitarian push by flat-businesses, philanthropies, and governments to devote more resources to their problems.
Too Disempowered
The too disempowered are a large group of people who have not been fully encompassed by the flattening of the world. These people are referred to as half flat. “They are the healthy people who live in countries with significant areas that have been flattened but do not have the tools or the skills or the infrastructure to participate in any meaningful or sustained ways.” They have just enough information that the world is in fact flattening around them but they are not reaping the benefits. Having the world flat is good but full of pressure, being unflat is awful and full of pain, but being half flat has its own special anxiety. Most of the half-flat people are living in rural India, rural China, and rural Eastern Europe.
In 1999, the antiglobalization movement has emerged from the World Trade Organization conference in Seattle and then spread around the rest of the world slowly but surely. The movement had five driving forces behind it. The first one was upper-middle class American liberal guilt who had incredible wealth and power had combined in the wake of the fall of the Berlin Wall and the dot-com boom. The second force that was driving was a push by the Old Left who was a group made up of socialists, anarchists, and Trotskyites. They were all in alliance with protectionist trade unions. The strategy behind this was to piggybank on rising concerns about globalization in order to bring back a form of socialism. Another driving force would be the many people who gave unreceptive support to the movement from several countries. The fourth driving force would be that the people in Europe and the Islamic world were anti-Americanism. The last force was a coalition of serious, well-meaning and constructive groups who were concerned with governance. The violence of Genoa, 9/11 and tighter security measures cracked the antiglobalization movement. “As a result, the movement itself became both more anti-American and more unable and unwilling to play any constructive role in shaping the global debate on how we globalize, precisely when such a role has become even more important as the world has gotten flatter.” (Friedman, p.550)
Too Frustrated
“One of the unintended consequences of the flat world is that it puts different societies and cultures in much greater direct contact with one another.” (Friedman, p.555). People are connected to each other much faster then people and their cultures. This helps explain the surfacing of one of the most unflattening forces today. The Arab-Muslim world is a huge, diverse civilization, involving about one billion people and it stretches from Morocco to Indonesia and from Nigeria all the way to the suburbs of London. A lot of anger and frustration is boiling over because of several issues from the Muslim and Arab-Muslim world. One of the most apparent is the Arab-Israeli conflict and the Israeli occupation of Palestinian land and east Jerusalem. The anger also has to do with the Arabs and Muslims having to live, in many cases under authoritarian governments. A lot of the Arab-Muslim young men and women have chosen to emigrate in order to find a new life in the West. Other have chosen to stay behind and live in silence in hopes of a change. “The fact that the world enables people so easily to compare their circumstances with others only sharpens their frustrations.” (Friedman, p.556)
Too Frustrated
When considering why flattening of the world is occurring two causes come to mind. Humiliation and Natural Resource Constraint.
What is meant by Humiliation?
America is regarded politically as a world power. It assists other governments and acts as a super power. Economically America too is far more prosperous than many other worldwide countries. For these two reasons, many countries are resentful and feel humiliated by America’s assistance/interference politically and economically. Their sense of being second rate, feeling incapable of functioning independently, is often expressed by acts of terrorism. They are hoping such acts of terrorism will cause America and other countries to take notice of their dissatisfaction and mind their own business. Arab Journalist, Abdel Rahman-al-Rashed believes “Self-cure starts with self-realization and confession.” He encourages countries/nations to take notice and quit blaming America and other countries for issues they need to resolve and not ignore.
Natural Resource Constraint
What is meant when citing Natural Resource Constraint?
For many years, Americans have lived in luxury. They have lavishly utilized natural resource for comfort as well as ease. Today many other countries have chosen to lead the same life style. However, natural resources are under constraint. This means depletion of natural resources is a concern. Species and ecosystems can’t adapt enough. Natural habitats are threatened. Now countries/nations are faced with considering how to manage natural resources. Solutions include cutting back and utilizing alternate sources of power. America however expresses concern in how to communicate this to other countries because many countries feel that they are entitled to the comfort and ease they have missed for so many years that Americans have enjoyed. America now hopes that MODELING new behaviors of living styles and alternate uses of GOING GREEN products will cause other countries/nations to join in too; thus helping restore natural resources, leaving the planet a better place to live.
Overall, the flattening process challenges a responsibility exhibiting a need for discipline, hard work, knowledge, achievement, scientific inquiry and pluralism.

Chapter 16: The Dell Theory of Conflict
Old Time versus Just-In- Time
Thomas Friedman believes in a theory, which keeps peace between all countries involved in global supply chains. Friedman calls this theory the “Dell Theory of Conflict Prevention”. He believes that countries embedded in major global supply chains don’t want to fight old-time wars but would rather make just-in-time deliveries of goods and services-and enjoy the rising standards of living that come with that. This theory evolved from his McDonalds theory of conflict prevention. With the McDonalds theory, Friedman believed that countries that had developed a large enough middle class population to partake in purchasing McDonalds consisted of people who would rather buy burgers than start wars. These countries that got woven into the fabric of global trade and rising living standards, which having a network of McDonald’s franchises had come to symbolize, the cost of war for victor and vanquished became prohibitively high. The theory evolved into the Dell Theory due to the fact that almost every country now has McDonald’s franchises. So, Friedman believes that today countries that are involved in the same global supply chains will never fight a war against each other as long as they are both part of the same global supply chain, like the Dell supply chain. Countries in these major supply chains understand the risk premium that they have. They pay close attention to protect the equity that they have built up or explain why everyone should not worry (about their doing anything adventurous). Friedman’s prime example of a test case for the Dell Theory, presently, is China versus Taiwan. China and Taiwan are two leading countries of technology manufacturing based supply chains and are connected to a multitude of other countries through these supply chains, bringing them to the theory of avoiding war to save their supply chains and income. A case, which has already partially proved the Dell Theory true, is that of Pakistan and India. The Dell Theory was working for India, one of the world’s leading knowledge and service supply chain providers. When India and Pakistan got into a tiff regarding nuclear components in 2002, there was a lot of talk and worry about India being able to provide their supply chains with what they need. The worry and complaints of these big time global traders got forwarded to the prime minister of India, Vajpayee, which struck a nerve to slow down the war-like actions to keep their responsibility of global supply chains running smoothly. Companies such as British Airlines, General Electric, Avis and Delta all rely on India, Bangalore in specific, to keep their companies running smoothly. This example of the India-Pakistan nuclear crisis at least gives hope that the Dell Theory of Conflict Prevention may be true.
This theory relates to the world in the sense that it connects the entire world and brings together countries as a whole. Major global supply chains create a unity between countries that prevent them from starting/initiating wars between each other. Because of these large global supply chains, the world has a better chance of peace on earth. Demanding supply from multiple countries promotes a need for peace and justice between “connected” countries. Global supply chains require countries from all over the world to cooperate and work together to produce end products and services to be delivered from all over the world. As Friedman shows through his Dell example, because of these countries working together it is made possible for someone to order a Dell laptop via internet or phone and receive within the next 15 days. The time of order to delivery has been reduced due to global supply chains. These chains are a great source of production and peace for our world. They promote the world being flat and prevent wars, which could unflatten the world.
This all relates to fashion in the sense of the time saved from order to production and countries working together to produce a final product/service. Fashion can have a much quicker turn over now and runs through seasons faster due to global supply chains. Speed and convenience have changed due to this theory and made the world of fashion a more advanced industry.
Infosys Versus Al Qaeda
Infosys and Al Qaeda are completely different organizations, but most would be surprised how similar they are. When the emerging of mutant global supply chains these organizations, use all the elements of the flat world to advance a highly destabilized even nihilistic agenda. Al Qaeda uses many of same instruments for global collaboration as Infosys, but-instead of producing profit they are producing mayhem and murder. The Dell Theory will not work on the informal Islamo-Leninist terror networks. These mutant global supply chains are formed for the purpose of destruction, not profit. The U.S. Central Command has a name for this whole underground network: The Virtual Caliphate. Globalization is Al Qaeda’s largest resource, through the Internet, satellite and TV.
Al Qaeda’s suicide supply chains are another large problem that is affecting our world. Suicide supply chain recruits in Iraq from the Underground Railroad, connected with bomb makers there, and then dispatched against the U.S. and Iraqi targets. The internet over the years has had major effects on these organizations. Their small acts have such a large affect. For example, the video of the beheading of Wall Street Journal reporter Danny Pearl by Islamist militants in Pakistan was transmitted by the Internet all over the world. Offers to recruit supporters, raise funds, and launch a worldwide campaign of gear. Scanning through the internet in 2003-04 revealed the existence of hundreds of websites serving the terrorist, which significantly expanded the opportunities for terrorist to secure publicity. Intelligence agencies are able to recover 80% required about the enemy due to using public sources openly and without resorting to illegal means. They are able to learn from their billions of pages of data online. For example, they are able to view: schedules, locations of targets, transportation facilities, nuclear power plants, public buildings, airports and ports. The internet offers cheap and efficient means of networking. In a flat world it is much more difficult to hide, but easier to get connected.

Too Personally Insecure
Nuclear terrorism is feared by many, as opposed to Osama bin Laden, which did not use nuclear devices on 9/11 was not because it wasn’t his intention, but they didn’t have the capability. Due to this, the Dell Theory is there to limit their worst capabilities. Their plan is to buy up the fissile material (which is mostly in the Soviet Union) and prevent more states from going nuclear. They are also not allowing any more members in other then the current eight nuclear powers, which will buy us time to develop a more formal, sustainable, internationally approved regime.
Conclusion Imagination
Imagination is a great tool that can either help us or harm us. For example, 11/9 during the tearing down of the Berlin Wall is a prime example of the creative imagination. At the time, it symbolized the idea of freedom. On the other hand 9/11 disaster of the World Trade Center signified a destructive imagination. In the past Destructive, imaginations have led to near to total monopoly of power. Lastly, it is important to concentrate on stimulating a positive imagination. Focus on producing positive outcome that advance and unite civilization that allows openness, opportunities, and hope rather than limit, suspicion, and grievance. The imagination is very important.

Chapter 17: 11/9 versus 9/11

In this chapter, there is much talk about what 9/11 stands for and what we should symbolize it as standing for. Friedman talks a lot about how it should be seen as “11/9” and not 9/11. He goes on to say that, 9/11 is just a number and that we cannot fear 9/11 forever. We must continue to live our lives, forget, but never forgive. He also talks about how technology alone cannot keep us safe, and that we cannot just hide under a cave living with fear. A good quote that Friedman states in this chapter goes as follows: “The hallmark of a truly successful organization is the willingness to abandon what made it successful and start fresh.” Stop looking backward on memories and look forward to dreams and goals.
Ebay
EBay was another interesting topic discussed by Friedman in this chapter. EBay went public in 1998 and has seen much success as establishing itself has a ‘community’ where anyone can get positive feedback and feel validated. A surprising majority of EBay’s feedback is positive, and they have around 105 million registered users from 190 countries worldwide. They are trading more than $35 billion dollars in products annually. EBay is seen as a self-governing nation-state, the V.R.E., the Virtual Republic of eBay.
India
India and its Muslim culture was discussed by Friedman towards the end of this chapter. India is the second largest Muslim country in the world, with Indonesia being the largest. There are 150 million Muslims in India and they have more Muslims than Pakistan. Indian Muslims aren’t involved with the Taliban or al-Qaeda. This is because they are raised in a secular, free market, a democratic context of India. They are influenced by a tradition of non-violence and Hindu tolerance. Indian Muslim women are empowered to speak their mind and stand up for their rights.
In the flat world you don’t just get your humiliation dished to you fiber-optically, you also get your pride dished out to you fiber-optically. Social contracts whose dominant feature is that authority comes from the bottom up and people can and do feel self-empowered to improve their lot tend to spend their time focusing on what to do next, and not whom to blame next.
The Curse of Oil
“As long as the monarchs and dictators who run these oil states can get rich by drilling their natural resources-as opposed to drilling the natural talents and energy of their people-they can stay in office forever. The rulers don’t really have to pay attention to the people or explain how they are spending their money because they have not raised that money through taxes. This is why countries focused on tapping their oil wells always have weak or nonexistent institutions. Countries focused on tapping their people have to focus on developing real institutions, property rights, rule of law, independent courts, modern education, foreign trade, foreign investment, freedom of thought, and scientific inquiry to get the most out of their men and women” (Friedman).

Just One Good Example
Stanley Fischer once stated that one good example is worth a thousand theories. They talk about how people do not change when being told to change. “It should be the role model of a self-empowered Arab company, run by Arab brainpower and entrepreneurship, succeeding on the world stage and enriching its own workers at the same time” (Friedman). In 2005 when Fadi Ghandour took power, there were four hundred Aramex employees in Arab who had stock options that were divided into fourteen million dollars. Each of these employees were so happy since this was going to enable them to buy homes and send their children to schools to get a better education than what they were getting now. This gave them so much dignity when they see themselves succeeding in the flat world and not the traditional word.
From Untouchables to Untouchables
George who started a journalism school believed that “without more responsible Indian newspapers and journalists, the county could never improve its governance. He wanted to prove that if you gave these untouchable children access to the same technologies and solid education that have enabled other pockets of India to plug in and play with the flat world, they could do the same” (Friedman). The goal for these schools were to give these children a world-class education so they are able to be successful and to aspire their goals and dreams in the career world. Throughout all of our research, we have concluded that the world is flat.

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